Catalytic converters remove the poisonous gas that is found in the exhausts of the cars. They are divided into two as metal and ceramic. Platinum group metals are used in the manufacture of both. The ratio of precious metal found in the exhaust of the vehicles, varies in the range of 1-15 gr depending to the brand and quality. Inside the catalysts, platinum, palladium and rhodium, the price of which has increased the most in recent years. Along with these price increases, catalytic recycling is among the most attractive sectors.
Catalytic recycling consists of 2 main parts: Physical separation and chemical recovery. Many collectors and investors in the world start this business primarily by ‘physical’ recycling.
Physical recycling begins with the extraction of honeycomb-shaped material in the catalytic. This can easily be done with a guillotine-shaped hydraulic press machine. The most important part of such presses are their durable and hard blades. In addition to being long-lasting, quality knives increase the process speed. A good dust trap must be used with the hydraulic system. Thus, the loss of particles coming out of the honeycomb is prevented.
Of course, in this open and semi-automatic system, small particles can be lost even if there is a vacuum. Considering the high price of rhodium and palladium, it can be seen that the cost of these losses will be very high in the long run. The closed system de-canning unit will also prevent these losses. The material entering as a catalytic converter in this unit will be separated into metal, ceramic and dust without touching.
The de-canning unit is the easiest to install and operate part of this business with its affordable price and easy installation.
Of course, in this open and semi-automatic system, small particles can be lost even if there is a vacuum. Considering the high price of rhodium and palladium, we can say that the cost of these losses will be very high for companies. In this case, the most suitable are ‘fully closed system recycling units’. In this system, the material that enters as a scrap catalytic converter will be separated into metal, ceramic and dust without touching and there will be no leak / loss.
The more efficient this system, which is the beginning of catalytic converter recycling, the more valuable the process will result. For this reason, the correct choice of this initial system is very important. Considering that PGM prices have reached high values all over the world, systems with the least loss should be used.